The primary theme of last week’s Torah Parsha (VAKIRA) pertained to the five diverse sacrifices, which the Israelites presented at the Sanctuary. On the surface, this week’s Torah Parsha (TZAV)...
By Joy Scott, Am Haskalah Congregant
The second Parsha for this week (BECHUKOTAI) begins with stunning clarity of the terms of Jewish life under the covenant. In the first part, there is an idyllic picture of the blessing of Divine favor. If the Israelites follow God’s decrees and keep His commandments, there will be rain; the earth will yield its fruit; the people will flourish; they will have children; and, the Divine Presence will be in their midst (10).
The other side of the equation is terrifying with the curses which will befall the nation, should the People fail to honor their mission as a ‘holy nation’:
“But, if you will not listen to me and carry out these commandments, I will bring upon you sudden terror; wasting diseases; and, fever that will destroy your sight, and drain away your life; you will plant seed in vain, because your enemies will eat it; if after all of this, you still will not listen to Me, I will punish you for your sins; seven times over; I will break down your stubborn pride, and make the sky above you like iron, and the ground beneath you like bronze; I will tur your cities into ruins, and destroy your Sanctuaries; I will waste the land, so that your enemies, who live there will be appalled; as for those of you, who still live amongst your enemies, I will make your hearts so fearful, that the sound of a windblown leaf will put you into flight; you will run as though fleeing from the sword; and, you will fall, although no one is actually pursuing you” (11).
Read in its entirety, this passage is shattering in its impact, most particularly because so much of it came true, at various times of Jewish history.
All of this is only viable, as long as the Jewish people lived together, in one nation, on their own land. But, what when the Jews suffered defeat and exile; and, were eventually scattered across the earth? They no longer had any of the conventional lineaments of a nation. They were no longer living in the same place, with the same language. Rashi and his family were living in northern Europe, speaking French (12); Maimonides was living in Muslim Egypt, speaking and writing in Arabic (13).
Nor did the Jews share the same fate. Those in northern Europe were suffering persecution and massacres, during the Crusades. The Jews of Spain were being expelled; and, compelled to wander around the world, as refugees. In later years, there were more horrors for the Jews, who migrated to Eastern Europe, and beyond. What possibly constituted these Jews as a single nation?
Similar to a situation, where a parent warns a child of horrifying consequences, for disobedience, Parsha (BECHUKOTA) ends with momentous hope:
“But, despite all else, when you are in enemy territory, I will not reject or despise you; I will never break my covenant with you, because I am the Lord, your God; and, for your sake, I will always remember the covenant I made with your forefathers” (14).
Even in their worst hours, according to this final Parsha of LEVITICUS, the Jewish people would never be destroyed. It was the covenant that enabled the Israelites to become a nation; bound them to one another; and, bound them to God. This same covenant links every Jew to one another, with the same ties of mutual responsibility.
(1) LEVITICUS (25:3)
(2) LEVITICUS (25:4)
(3) LEVITICUS (25:8-9)
(4) LEVITICUS (25:35-37)
(5) LEVITICUS (25:10)
(6) American Jewish World (NY, NY)
(7) Maimonides “Laws of Charity”
(8) www.theGuardian.com (2017)
(9) Micha (4:4)
(10) LEVITICUS (26:3-26:6)
(11) LEVITICUS (26:14-36)
(13) Jewish Virtual Library
(14) LEVITICUS (2644-45)