The splitting of the ‘Sea of Reeds’ is one of the seminal events in Jewish history. This week’s Torah Parsha (BESHALACH) begins with a description of how the Israelites finally left Egypt, and the yoke of the Pharaoh.
What had been considered impossible had occurred! The mightiest army in the ancient world – -the Egyptians, with their horse-drawn chariots – – had been defeated and drowned. With a sense of exhilaration and rapture, Moses and the Israelites spontaneously sang this song to the Lord: “I will sing to the Lord, for very exalted is He; a horse and its rider, He cast into the sea; this is my Lord, and I will glorify Him (1). Then, Miriam, sister of Moses and Aaron, picked up a hand-drum; and, led all the women in a chant: “Sing to the Eternal, for he has triumphed gloriously; horse and driver, he hurled into the sea” (2). The Israelites were so overwhelmed with God’s might; and felt such deep gratitude for his kindness and compassion, that they were impelled to declare their complete devotion and dedication, to glorify His name.
Unfortunately, the exuberance of the Israelites quickly faded. The strain of their prolonged bondage; and, the fatigue of their daily routine had drained them of virtually any sense of spirituality. The Children of Israel had grown instinctively dependent upon their Egyptian masters. Therefore, to facilitate their transformation from Pharaoh’s slaves to God’s servants, they were forced to change their instinctive dependence on Egypt, to a cognitive and spiritual dependence on God.
This transformation began just three days, after living in the desert. The people complained to Moses of their need for water. God deliberately told Moses to lead the Israelites to the place of ‘Marah’, where they could NOT drink the water, because it was too bitter. God had led them to a location of noxious water, in order to teach this new nation that their physical survival was now dependent upon Him. God sweetened the water; and, told Moses to tell the Children of Israel: “If you hearken to the voice of the Lord, your God; and, you do what is proper in His eyes; and, you listen closely to His commandments – -all the sicknesses that I visited upon Egypt, I will not visit upon you, for I, the Lord will heal you” (3).
After moving to another territory (‘Midbar Sin’), the Israelites discover that their food supply is nearly depleted. The people begin to grumble: “If only we had died by the hand of the Lord in the land of Egypt; where we had pots of meat; when we ate plenty of bread; now you have brought us out into the desert to die of famine” (4). So, the Eternal one said to Moses: “ I will rain down for them bread (manna) from the sky; and the people shall go out and gather each day; and two portions on the day before Shabbat, so that I may ‘test’ them to see whether they follow my instructions” (5).
The next stop on the Israelite’s travels was an encampment in ‘Rephidan’; and, again there was no water. However, this time, God’s plan was more complex. He directed the people to traverse the distance up the mountain of ‘Horeb’ (re-named: Mount Sinai) to attain clean drinking water (6). In this way, his scheme would prepare the Children of Israel, both physically and spiritually for the ‘Revelation’ at Mount Sinai.
As the Israelites were preparing their journey from ‘Rephidan’, the nation of Amalek attacked them. God instructed Moses to climb Mount Sinai; and, to raise his staff toward heaven. “Moses, standing with his hand raised high on Mount Sinai, was a strong sign to the people – – just as Mount Sinai had become their source of water, it now became their source of military victory, as well” (7).
(1) EXODUS (15: 1-2)
(2) EXODUS (15: 20-21)
(3) EXODUS (15:26)
(4) EXODUS (16: 2-3)
(5) EXODUS (16:4)
(6) The TANACH Study Center
(7) Ibn Ezra “Book of Exodus”, translated to Hebrew, 1488